Overlapping area represents the amount of risk that can be diversified away by holding AEX Amsterdam and S&P 500 in the same portfolio assuming nothing else is changed. The correlation between historical prices or returns on SP 500 and AEX Amsterdam is a relative statistical measure of the degree to which these equity instruments tend to move together. The correlation coefficient measures the extent to which returns on AEX Amsterdam are associated (or correlated) with SP 500. Values of the correlation coefficient range from -1 to +1, where. The correlation of zero (0) is possible when the price movement of SP 500 has no effect on the direction of AEX Amsterdam i.e. AEX Amsterdam and SP 500 go up and down completely randomly.