Book Value per Share (B/S) is can be calculated by subtracting liabilities from assets, and then dividing it by the total number of currently outstanding shares. It indicates the level of safety associated with each common share after removing effects of liabilities. In other words a shareholder can use this ratio to see how much he or she can sell the stake in the company in the event of liquidation.
The naive approach to look at Book Value per Share is to compare it to current stock price. If Book Value per Share is higher than the currently traded stock price, the company can be considered undervalued. However, investors must be aware that conventional calculation of Book Value does not include intangible assets such as good will, intellectual property, trademarks or brands and may not be an appropriate measure for many firms.
In accordance with recently published financial statements the book value per share of J C Penney Company Inc is about 4.07 times. This is 65.86% lower than that of the Services sector, and 74.7% lower than that of Department Stores industry, The Book Value Per Share for all stocks is 71.16% higher than the company.