An engulfing pattern occurs when the first candle forms, and typically is small bodied with normal sized wicks, meaning the market closed close to the open, but had a wide trading period. The second candle has a much larger trading body, which engulfs that previous trading period, meaning there is a shift in the market. The candle is in the reverse of the current trend and the open is below and close is above the previous candle.
Finding a pattern can be easy for some patterns and difficult for others, but the engulfing patter is probably one of the easier ones. Its name eludes to the pattern itself, which is when the first candle is engulfed by the second candle. This is effective for bother bearish and bullish trends, but there are a few aspects to take into consideration when evaluating the potential change.