Goldman Stock Buy Hold or Sell Recommendation


USD 299.23  2.21  0.74%   

Allowing for the 90-day total investment horizon and your above-average risk tolerance, our recommendation regarding Goldman Sachs Group is 'Buy'. Macroaxis provides Goldman Sachs buy-hold-or-sell recommendation only in the context of selected investment horizon and investor attitude towards risk assumed by holding GS positions. The advice algorithm takes into account all of Goldman Sachs' available fundamental, technical, and predictive indicators you will find on this site.
The advice is provided from Goldman Sachs' buy-and-hold perspective. Please check Goldman Sachs Analyst Recommendation to compare Macroaxis Buy or Sell Recommendation with the current analyst consensus. To check ratings for multiple equity instruments, please use the Instant Ratings tool. We conduct extensive research on individual companies such as Goldman and provide practical buy, sell, or hold advice based on selected investing horizon and risk tolerance towards Goldman Sachs Group.

Execute Goldman Sachs Buy or Sell Advice

The Goldman recommendation should be used to complement the buy-or-sell advice compiled from the current analysts' consensus on Goldman Sachs Group. Macroaxis does not own or have any residual interests in Goldman Sachs Group or other equities on which the buy-or-sell advice is provided. Please provide your input below to execute Goldman Sachs' advice using the current market data and latest reported fundamentals.

Time Horizon

Risk Tolerance

Execute Advice
Sell Goldman SachsBuy Goldman Sachs


Very steadyDetails

Hype Condition

Low keyDetails

Current Valuation


Odds of Distress

Below AverageDetails

Economic Sensitivity

Almost mirrors the marketDetails

Analyst Consensus


Financial Strenth (F Score)


Financial Leverage

Not RatedDetails

Reporting Quality (M-Score)

Unlikely ManipulatorDetails
For the selected time horizon Goldman Sachs Group has a Risk Adjusted Performance of (0.11), Jensen Alpha of 0.0573, Total Risk Alpha of 0.0997 and Treynor Ratio of (0.14)
Macroaxis provides investment recommendation on Goldman Sachs to complement and cross-verify current analyst consensus on Goldman Sachs Group. Our trade recommendations engine determines the entity's potential to grow exclusively from the perspective of an investor's current risk tolerance and investing horizon. To make sure Goldman Sachs Group is not overpriced, please check out all Goldman Sachs fundamentals, including its price to book, book value per share, five year return, as well as the relationship between the net income and number of employees . Given that Goldman Sachs Group has a number of shares shorted of 4.89 M, we strongly advise you to confirm Goldman Sachs Group market performance and probability of bankruptcy to ensure the company can sustain itself in the current economic cycle given your regular risk tolerance and investing horizon.

Goldman Sachs Trading Alerts and Improvement Suggestions

Goldman Sachs Group generated a negative expected return over the last 90 days
Goldman Sachs Group has a poor financial position based on the latest SEC disclosures
About 72.0% of the company shares are owned by institutional investors
Latest headline from Bank of America upgrades Goldman Sachs on relative performance to other banks, but cuts earnings view - MarketWatch

Goldman Sachs current analysts advice

We track the performance of the top 100 financial experts across various large and mid-size financial boutiques. Goldman analyst recommendations are determined by taking all analyst recommendations and averaging them as Strong Buy, Buy, Hold, Strong Sell or Sell. There is no one specific way to measure analysis performance other than comparing it to the past results via a very sophisticated attribution analysis. Goldman analyst consensus and target price projections should be used in combination with other traditional techniques such as stock price forecasting, technical analysis, earnings estimate, and various momentum models.
Target Mean Price419.48
Target Median Price420.00
Target High Price519.00
Recommendation Mean2.20
Number Of Analyst Opinions27
Target Low Price317.35
Average Consensus Buy
The consensus estimates and target price estimation comprises individual analyst assessments, and may or may not mutch the Macroaxis buy or sell advice. It is determined by taking an average of all analyst recommendations and classifying them as Strong Buy, Buy, Hold, or Sell.

Goldman Sachs Returns Distribution Density

The distribution of Goldman Sachs' historical returns is an attempt to chart the future uncertainty of Goldman Sachs' future price movements. The chart of the probability distribution of Goldman Sachs stock daily returns describes the distribution of returns around its average expected value. We use Goldman Sachs Group price's Value At Risk and its Upside Potential as a relative measure of the distribution. The graph of the distribution of Goldman Sachs returns is essential to provide solid investment advice for Goldman Sachs stock.
Mean Return-0.16Value At Risk-3.41
Potential Upside3.01Standard Deviation2.02
 Return Density 
Investment risk management requires an estimate of the probability of extreme price changes. Therefore, the correct representation of the distribution of Goldman Sachs historical returns presented in an easy-to-digest graphical form helps investors and money managers understand the risk-reward trade-off of different investement strategies.

Goldman Stock Institutional Investors

Have you ever been surprised when a price of an equity instrument such as Goldman Sachs is soaring high without any particular reason? This is usually happening because many institutional investors are aggressively trading Goldman Sachs Group backward and forwards among themselves. Goldman Sachs' institutional investor refers to the entity that pools money to purchase Goldman Sachs' securities or originate loans. Institutional investors include commercial and private banks, credit unions, insurance companies, pension funds, hedge funds, endowments, and mutual funds. Operating companies that invest excess capital in these types of assets may also be included in the term and may influence corporate governance by exercising voting rights in their investments.
Security TypeSharesValue
Vanguard Group IncCommon Shares30.6 M10.1 B
Blackrock IncCommon Shares23.6 M7.8 B
State Street CorpCommon Shares21.7 M7.2 B
Massachusetts Financial Services CoCommon Shares9.2 MB
Price T Rowe Associates IncCommon Shares8.9 M2.9 B
Dodge CoxCommon Shares7.7 M2.5 B
Geode Capital Management LlcCommon Shares5.8 M1.9 B
Susquehanna International Group LlpPut Options3.3 M1.1 B
Note, although Goldman Sachs' institutional investors appear to be way more sophisticated than retail investors, it remains unclear if professional active investment managers can reliably enhance risk-adjusted returns by an amount that exceeds fees and expenses.

Goldman Sachs Cash Flow Accounts

201720182019202020212022 (projected)
Capital Expenditure(2.61 B)(4.27 B)(1.81 B)(3.34 B)(734 M)(791.95 M)
Depreciation Amortization and Accretion1.15 B1.33 B1.7 B1.9 B2.02 B1.92 B
Net Cash Flow or Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents(11.66 B)20.5 B3 B22.3 B105.19 B113.5 B
Net Cash Flow Business Acquisitions and Disposals(2.38 B)(162 M)(803 M)(231 M)(265.65 M)(272.64 M)
Issuance Purchase of Equity Shares(6.77 B)(3.26 B)(5.33 B)(1.93 B)(5.2 B)(5.61 B)
Issuance Repayment of Debt Securities29.13 B7.09 B(24.01 B)6.7 B39.13 B42.22 B
Payment of Dividends and Other Cash Distributions(1.77 B)(1.81 B)(2.1 B)(2.34 B)(2.73 B)(2.94 B)
Net Cash Flow from Financing35.21 B22.75 B3.37 B70.38 B134.74 B145.38 B
Net Cash Flow from Investing(26.38 B)(18.82 B)(24.24 B)(34.36 B)(30.46 B)(31.27 B)
Net Cash Flow Investment Acquisitions and Disposals(21.38 B)(14.39 B)(21.62 B)(30.79 B)(29.73 B)(30.51 B)
Net Cash Flow from Operations(20.49 B)16.56 B23.87 B(13.73 B)921 M945.24 M
Share Based Compensation1.77 B1.83 B2.02 B1.92 B2.35 B2.1 B

Goldman Sachs Greeks

Most traded equities are subject to two types of risk - systematic (i.e., market) and unsystematic (i.e., nonmarket or company-specific) risk. Unsystematic risk is the risk that events specific to Goldman Sachs or Financial Services sector will adversely affect the stock's price. This type of risk can be diversified away by owning several different stocks in different industries whose stock prices have shown a small correlation to each other. On the other hand, systematic risk is the risk that Goldman Sachs stock's price will be affected by overall stock market movements and cannot be diversified away. So, no matter how many positions you have, you cannot eliminate market risk. However, you can measure a Goldman stock's historical response to market movements and buy it if you are comfortable with its volatility direction. Beta and standard deviation are two commonly used measures to help you make the right decision.
Alpha over DOW
Beta against DOW1.20
Overall volatility
Information ratio 0.0095

Goldman Sachs Volatility Alert

Goldman Sachs Group exhibits very low volatility with skewness of 0.05 and kurtosis of 0.71. However, we advise investors to further study Goldman Sachs Group technical indicators to make sure all market info is available and is reliable. Understanding different market volatility trends often help investors to time the market. Properly using volatility indicators enable traders to measure Goldman Sachs' stock risk against market volatility during both bullying and bearish trends. The higher level of volatility that comes with bear markets can directly impact Goldman Sachs' stock price while adding stress to investors as they watch their shares' value plummet. This usually forces investors to rebalance their portfolios by buying different stocks as prices fall.

Goldman Sachs Implied Volatility

Goldman Sachs' implied volatility exposes the market's sentiment of Goldman Sachs Group stock's possible movements over time. However, it does not forecast the overall direction of its price. In a nutshell, if Goldman Sachs' implied volatility is high, the market thinks the stock has potential for high price swings in either direction. On the other hand, the low implied volatility suggests that Goldman Sachs stock will not fluctuate a lot when Goldman Sachs' options are near their expiration.

Goldman Sachs Fundamentals Vs Peers

Comparing Goldman Sachs' fundamentals to the average values of its peers is one of the most widely used and accepted methods of equity analyses. It helps to analyze Goldman Sachs' direct or indirect competition across all of the common fundamentals between Goldman Sachs and the related equities. This way, we can detect undervalued stocks with similar characteristics as Goldman Sachs or determine the stocks which would be an excellent addition to an existing portfolio. Peer analysis of Goldman Sachs' fundamental indicators could also be used in its relative valuation, which is a method of valuing Goldman Sachs by comparing valuation metrics with those of similar companies.
 Better Than Average     
 Worse Than Average Compare Goldman Sachs to competition
FundamentalsGoldman SachsPeer Average
Return On Equity17.48 %(0.31) %
Return On Asset1.30 %(0.14) %
Profit Margin34.97 %(1.27) %
Current Valuation(5.01 B)16.62 B
Shares Outstanding333.58 M571.82 M
Shares Owned by Insiders0.55 %10.09 %
Shares Owned by Institutions71.64 %39.21 %
Number of Shares Shorted4.89 M4.71 M
Price to Earning4.90 X28.72 X
Price to Book1.08 X9.51 X
Price to Sales1.85 X11.42 X
Revenue53.58 B9.43 B
Gross Profit52.7 B27.38 B
EBITDA9.94 B3.9 B
Net Income18.24 B570.98 M
Cash and Equivalents666 B2.7 B
Total Debt543 B5.32 B
Debt to Equity4.72 %48.70 %
Current Ratio2.50 X2.16 X
Book Value Per Share275.26 X1.93 K
Cash Flow from Operations921 M971.22 M
Short Ratio1.65 X4.00 X
Earnings Per Share60.63 X3.12 X
Price to Earnings To Growth(1.00) X4.89 X
Number of Employees45.1 K18.84 K
Market Capitalization99.08 B19.03 B
Total Asset861.39 B29.47 B
Retained Earnings100.93 B9.33 B
Five Year Return1.69 %
Last Dividend Paid8.0
   Exercise or conversion by John Waldron of 43698 shares of Goldman Sachs subject to Rule 16b-3 [view details]

About Goldman Sachs Buy or Sell Advice

When is the right time to buy or sell Goldman Sachs Group? Buying financial instruments such as Goldman Stock isn't very hard. However, what challenging for most investors is doing it at the right time to beat the stock market. Proper market timing is something most people cannot do without sophisticated tools, which help to isolate the right opportunities. Macroaxis provides hands-on modules to deliver winning trades and diversify your portfolios on a daily basis. Although Goldman Sachs investors may find it confusing at the beginning, most of our advising modules are very easy to use and apply.
Please read more on our stock advisor page.
 2019 2020 2021 2022 (projected)
Cash and Equivalents133.55 B155.84 B261.04 B214.7 B
Total Assets992.97 B1,163.03 B1,463.99 B1,339.95 B

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You can either use a buy-and-hold strategy to lock in the entire theme or actively trade it to take advantage of the short-term price volatility of individual constituents. Macroaxis can help you discover thousands of investment opportunities in different asset classes. In addition, you can partner with us for reliable portfolio optimization as you plan to utilize Macroaxis Picks Theme or any other thematic opportunities.
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Please check Goldman Sachs Analyst Recommendation to compare Macroaxis Buy or Sell Recommendation with the current analyst consensus. To check ratings for multiple equity instruments, please use the Instant Ratings tool. Note that the Goldman Sachs Group information on this page should be used as a complementary analysis to other Goldman Sachs' statistical models used to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Portfolio File Import module to quickly import all of your third-party portfolios from your local drive in csv format.

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When running Goldman Sachs Group price analysis, check to measure Goldman Sachs' market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy Goldman Sachs is operating at the current time. Most of Goldman Sachs' value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of Goldman Sachs' future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move Goldman Sachs' price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of Goldman Sachs to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Is Goldman Sachs' industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of Goldman Sachs. If investors know Goldman will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about Goldman Sachs listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
Quarterly Earnings Growth YOY
Market Capitalization
102.8 B
Quarterly Revenue Growth YOY
Return On Assets
Return On Equity
The market value of Goldman Sachs Group is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of Goldman that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of Goldman Sachs' value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is Goldman Sachs' true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because Goldman Sachs' market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect Goldman Sachs' underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between Goldman Sachs' value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine Goldman Sachs value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, Goldman Sachs' price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.