# Z Score

## Indicator Description

To calculate Z-Score one would need to know current working capital of the company, its total assets, and liabilities, amount of latest retained earnings as well as earnings before interest and tax. Z-Score can be used to compare the odds of bankruptcy of companies in a similar line of business or firms operating in the same industry. Companies with Z-Scores above 3.1 are generally considered to be stable and healthy with a low probability of bankruptcy. Scores that fall between 1.8 and 3.1 lie in a so-called 'grey area' with scores of less than 1, indicating the high probability of distress. Z Score is used widely by financial auditors, accountants, money managers, loan processers, wealth advisers, as well as day traders. In the last 25 years, many financial models that utilize z score has been proved to be successful as a predictor of corporate bankruptcy.

## Z Score  = Sum Of     5 Factors

Z-Score is a simple linear, multi-factor model that measures the financial health and economic stability of a company. The score is used to predict the probability of a firm going into bankruptcy within next 24 months or two fiscal years from the day stated on the accounting statements used to calculate it. The model uses five fundamental business ratios that are weighted according to algorithm of Professor Edward Altman who developed it in the late 1960s at New York University..

## Z Score In A Nutshell

A Z Score is a data point that serves many purposes and one of them is to determine the probability of a bankruptcy within the next 24 months. With this, there are 5 different data points that are used in the equation and are weight according to an algorithm by Professor Edward Altman.

When looking at a potential investment, it is important to weigh as many important factors as you can. From cash flow, to revenue, all the way to probability of a bankruptcy, these are important data points that can factor into your decision making.

## Closer Look at Z Score

Another way to use the Z Score is looking at the mean of your data set. The Z Score can be both positive and negative, giving you an answer that is quantifiable. Using the Z Score is also used in connection with standard deviation and that is a powerful tool in the investing and trading world.

Either way you decide to use this data point, it is important to understand what you are using it for and why. You can use it in relation with standard deviation or use it in relation to the health of the company you a researching. Company health is key because you are looking to make money over the long term and not have to worry about the performance of the company.

This is where joining an investment or trading community would be a great way to see how other people may be using this in their current trading and investing situations. An investing professional will also know how to use this so if you get stick you can reach out to them. Statistics in trading and investing can give you a good direction of where the market is going and if it is in your best interest to invest.

You also have to look at the chart and understand the human element because the Z Score may ignore that element and it is just as important. If the market is scared and the company is doing well, the stock may still drop in price and you have to identify that in your research. Overall, this is a great tool to use in your analysis of a company but be sure to open a demo account and test it there to ensure it fits your current method.

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