Lifeway Z Score
LWAY  Stock  USD 7.23 0.22 2.95% 
Lifeway  Z Score 
Lifeway Z Score Analysis
Lifeway Foods' ZScore is a simple linear, multifactor model that measures the financial health and economic stability of a company. The score is used to predict the probability of a firm going into bankruptcy within next 24 months or two fiscal years from the day stated on the accounting statements used to calculate it. The model uses five fundamental business ratios that are weighted according to algorithm of Professor Edward Altman who developed it in the late 1960s at New York University..2017  2018  2021  2022 (projected)  
Receivables  8.68 M  6.28 M  7.22 M  8.87 M 
Inventories  7.7 M  5.82 M  5.24 M  5.41 M 
Z Score  =  Sum Of   5 Factors 
Current Lifeway Foods Z Score  10.6 
Most of Lifeway Foods' fundamental indicators, such as Z Score, are part of a valuation analysis module that helps investors searching for stocks that are currently trading at higher or lower prices than their real value. If the real value is higher than the market price, Lifeway Foods is considered to be undervalued, and we provide a buy recommendation. Otherwise, we render a sell signal.
 
 
 
 

Lifeway Z Score Driver Correlations
Understanding the fundamental principles of building solid financial models for Lifeway Foods is extremely important. It helps to project a fair market value of Ford stock properly, considering its historical fundamentals such as Z Score. Since Lifeway Foods' main accounts across its financial reports are all linked and dependent on each other, it is essential to analyze all possible correlations between related accounts. However, instead of reviewing all of Lifeway Foods' historical financial statements, investors can examine the correlated drivers to determine its overall health. This can be effectively done using a conventional correlation matrix of Lifeway Foods' interrelated accounts and indicators.
Click cells to compare fundamentals
To calculate ZScore one would need to know current working capital of the company, its total assets, and liabilities, amount of latest retained earnings as well as earnings before interest and tax. ZScore can be used to compare the odds of bankruptcy of companies in a similar line of business or firms operating in the same industry. Companies with ZScores above 3.1 are generally considered to be stable and healthy with a low probability of bankruptcy. Scores that fall between 1.8 and 3.1 lie in a socalled 'grey area' with scores of less than 1, indicating the high probability of distress. Z Score is used widely by financial auditors, accountants, money managers, loan processers, wealth advisers, as well as day traders. In the last 25 years, many financial models that utilize z score has been proved to be successful as a predictor of corporate bankruptcy.
Compare to competition 
Based on the company's disclosures, Lifeway Foods has a Z Score of 10.6. This is 17.0% higher than that of the Consumer Defensive sector and notably higher than that of the Packaged Foods industry. The z score for all United States stocks is 21.56% lower than that of the firm.
Lifeway Z Score Peer Comparison
Stock peer comparison is one of the most widely used and accepted methods of equity analyses. It analyses Lifeway Foods' direct or indirect competition against its Z Score to detect undervalued stocks with similar characteristics or determine the stocks which would be a good addition to a portfolio. Peer analysis of Lifeway Foods could also be used in its relative valuation, which is a method of valuing Lifeway Foods by comparing valuation metrics of similar companies.Lifeway Foods is currently under evaluation in z score category among related companies.
Lifeway Foods Current Valuation Drivers
We derive many important indicators used in calculating different scores of Lifeway Foods from analyzing Lifeway Foods' financial statements. These drivers represent accounts that assess Lifeway Foods' ability to generate profits relative to its revenue, operating costs, and shareholders' equity. Below are some of Lifeway Foods' important valuation drivers and their relationship over time.
2017  2018  2019  2020  2021  2022 (projected)  
Net Income Per Employee  5.33 K  10.84 K  (1.02 K)  (9.58 K)  (11.02 K)  (11.31 K)  
Revenue Per Employee  320.5 K  386.06 K  349.69 K  320.96 K  288.87 K  275.07 K  
Average Assets  66.96 M  61.53 M  57.37 M  58.83 M  66.75 M  70.64 M  
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization EBITDA  6.53 M  8.18 M  1.88 M  (194 K)  (223.1 K)  (228.97 K)  
Earnings Before Interest Taxes and Depreciation Amortization USD  2.55 M  437 K  4.8 M  8.19 M  8.61 M  7.5 M  
Earnings before Tax  (804 K)  (3.31 M)  1.24 M  4.83 M  5.62 M  4.6 M  
Average Equity  48.32 M  44.77 M  42.52 M  45.39 M  49.1 M  51.28 M  
Enterprise Value  127.42 M  33.04 M  30.5 M  79.77 M  68.6 M  97.32 M  
Free Cash Flow  (1.48 M)  (303 K)  3.15 M  4.5 M  3.64 M  3.18 M  
Invested Capital  37.58 M  39.18 M  33.88 M  33.81 M  37.23 M  35.32 M  
Invested Capital Average  37.22 M  40.5 M  35.64 M  33.78 M  35.65 M  40.41 M  
Market Capitalization  128.19 M  29.77 M  31.26 M  84.42 M  71 M  97.73 M  
Tangible Asset Value  49.48 M  43.64 M  44.01 M  47.24 M  51.19 M  52.88 M  
Working Capital  11.48 M  11.46 M  9.68 M  15.61 M  16.98 M  17.05 M 
Lifeway Foods Institutional Holders
Institutional Holdings refers to the ownership stake in Lifeway Foods that is held by large financial organizations, pension funds or endowments. Institutions may purchase large blocks of Lifeway Foods' outstanding shares and can exert considerable influence upon its management. Institutional holders may also work to push the share price higher once they own the stock. Extensive social media coverage, TV shows, articles in highprofile magazines, and presentations at investor conferences help move the stock higher, increasing Lifeway Foods' value.Security Type  Shares  Value  
Zacks Investment Management  Common Shares  71.7 K  1.2 M  
Whitnell Co  Common Shares  5 K  80 K  
Whitnell Co  Common Shares  5 K  87 K  
Wells Fargo Company  Common Shares  781  4 K  
Wells Fargo Company  Common Shares  779  5 K  
Wells Fargo Company  Common Shares  778  3 K  
Wells Fargo Company  Common Shares  779  4 K 
Lifeway Fundamentals
Return On Equity  (0.78) %  
Return On Asset  0.60 %  
Profit Margin  (0.30) %  
Operating Margin  0.50 %  
Current Valuation  84.27 M  
Shares Outstanding  15.43 M  
Shares Owned by Insiders  76.77 %  
Shares Owned by Institutions  7.59 %  
Number of Shares Shorted  256.94 K  
Price to Earning  35.22 X  
Price to Book  2.43 X  
Price to Sales  0.88 X  
Revenue  128.12 M  
Gross Profit  31.46 M  
EBITDA  3.57 M  
Net Income  (388 K)  
Cash and Equivalents  6.49 M  
Cash per Share  0.42 X  
Total Debt  6.93 M  
Debt to Equity  0.14 %  
Current Ratio  2.46 X  
Book Value Per Share  3.00 X  
Cash Flow from Operations  1.39 M  
Short Ratio  44.84 X  
Earnings Per Share  0.21 X  
Price to Earnings To Growth  (55.60) X  
Number of Employees  280  
Beta  1.57  
Market Capitalization  112.52 M  
Total Asset  68.21 M  
Retained Earnings  48.91 M  
Working Capital  18.48 M  
Current Asset  30.36 M  
Current Liabilities  11.87 M  
Z Score  10.6  
Last Dividend Paid  0.08 
About Lifeway Foods Fundamental Analysis
The Macroaxis Fundamental Analysis modules help investors analyze Lifeway Foods's financials across various querterly and yearly statements, indicators and fundamental ratios. We help investors to determine the real value of Lifeway Foods using virtually all public information available. We use both quantitative as well as qualitative analysis to arrive at the intrinsic value of Lifeway Foods based on its fundamental data. In general, a quantitative approach, as applied to this company, focuses on analyzing financial statements comparatively, whereas a qaualitative method uses data that is important to a company's growth but cannot be measured and presented in a numerical way.
Please read more on our fundamental analysis page.Lifeway Foods, Inc. produces and markets probioticbased products in the United States and internationally. The company was founded in 1986 and is based in Morton Grove, Illinois. Lifeway Foods operates under Packaged Foods classification in the United States and is traded on NASDAQ Exchange. It employs 280 people.
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Additionally, see Lifeway Foods Piotroski F Score and Lifeway Foods Valuation analysis. Note that the Lifeway Foods information on this page should be used as a complementary analysis to other Lifeway Foods' statistical models used to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Headlines Timeline module to stay connected to all market stories and filter out noise. Drill down to analyze hype elasticity.
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When running Lifeway Foods price analysis, check to measure Lifeway Foods' market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy Lifeway Foods is operating at the current time. Most of Lifeway Foods' value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of Lifeway Foods' future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move Lifeway Foods' price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of Lifeway Foods to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Is Lifeway Foods' industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of Lifeway Foods. If investors know Lifeway will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about Lifeway Foods listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
Quarterly Earnings Growth YOY 1.0  Market Capitalization 115.5 M  Quarterly Revenue Growth YOY 0.29  Return On Assets 0.0069  Return On Equity 0.0023 
The market value of Lifeway Foods is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of Lifeway that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of Lifeway Foods' value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is Lifeway Foods' true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because Lifeway Foods' market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect Lifeway Foods' underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between Lifeway Foods' value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine Lifeway Foods value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, Lifeway Foods' price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.