Net Income

Indicator Description

Because income is reported on the Income Statement of a company and is measured in dollars some investors prefer to use Profit Margin, which measures income as a percentage of sales.

Net Income 
 = 
(Rev + Gain) 
-  
(Exp + Loss) 

Net income is the profit of a company for the reporting period, which is derived after taking revenues and gains and subtracting all expenses and losses. Net income is one of the most-watched numbers by money managers as well as individual investors.

Net Income In A Nutshell

Net income is a number you want to monitor for stability or growth. Depending on the company and what they are doing, that number can drop but it should be for reasons such as acquisitions or new equipment. To calculate net income, you will take the company’s whole revenue number and subtract business expenses and operating costs to get a number pre tax. From there you can take out taxes and arrive at the net income number. Taxes are important to watch as well as you want to see favorable tax numbers over the long haul.

Income for a business is important and net income can help by eliminating taxes and more, giving you a true total of income. For example, if you make $10,000 and tax is 10%, your net income would be $9,000. Net income also goes by other names such as earnings or profit attributable. This number is used in the EPS or earnings per share calculation that allows investors to compare apples to apples.

Closer Look at Net Income

Similar to revenue, this will let you gauge whether or not that company is growing or shrinking and if there is potential into the future to make money. MacroAxis has a plethora of tools and research material to help you take this number to a whole other level. Comparing net income across companies can help you find which ones are growing, but you have to ensure they are in the same space and close to the same size because net income growth for a growing company could be exponential compared to an established one. Fundamental research is crucial to investing and net income is one of the more important numbers.

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