Earnings Per Share

Financial Indicator

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Earnings per Share is one of the most important measures of the current share price of a firm, and is used by investors to determine the company overall profitability; especially when it is compared to the EPS of similar companies.

Earnings per Share 
 = 
Earnings 
Average Shares 

Earnings per Share (EPS) denotes the portion of a company's earnings that is allocated to each share of common stock. To calculate Earnings per Share investors will need to take a company's net income, subtract any dividends for preferred stock, and divide it by the number of average outstanding shares. EPS is usually presented in two different ways: basic and diluted. Fully diluted Earnings per Share takes into account effects of warrants, options, and convertible securities and is generally viewed by analysts as a more accurate measure.

Earnings Per Share In A Nutshell

If there is a single data point that is used in almost every fundamental analysis, earnings per share would be it. With that, the best way to use this is when you identify a stock or equity worth investing, find the EPS for that stock and the others that compete in the same space.

Earnings per share or EPS is taking the company’s net income, subtracting dividends, and dividing that by how many shares are outstanding. EPS is used as a measuring tool to value a stock and compare it against others in the industry.

Closer Look at Earnings Per Share

When looking for an investment, you want to find the balance between value, low risk, and reputation of the company. If you take the EPS share of the equity you are researching, be sure to look at the historical numbers as well because you want to see a trend to the upside, which means the company is becoming more profitable, fueling potential growth into the future.

As with any financial data point, it is not wise to rely on just one financial number, but rather calculating others and getting a wide and vast opinion. Also, be sure to pick apart the calculation and understand what is generating the number. Understand the net income and find out how it is projected to do into the future. Then look at dividends and see if the company is going to make more into the future. Lastly, look at the outstanding shares and see if the company has implemented a share buyback program, which will shrink the denominator. These all will factor into the number you look at and can help to tell a little bit more of the story.

If you are stuck or need more background information, head to the Internet and find ways people are using this in their research. Join an investing and trading community and ask people the most efficient ways they are using this data point. Lastly, you can reach out to an investing professional and they help you in implementing this into your analysis of equities. EPS is certainly one you should know and understand how to use because it is widely used and implemented in many valuation tools and reports.