Citigroup Price to Book vs. Beta

C -  USA Stock  

USD 67.61  1.25  1.82%

For Citigroup profitability analysis, we use financial ratios and fundamental drivers that measure the ability of Citigroup to generate income relative to revenue, assets, operating costs, and current equity. These fundamental indicators attest to how well Citigroup utilizes its assets to generate profit and value for its shareholders. The profitability module also shows relationships between Citigroup's most relevant fundamental drivers. It provides multiple suggestions of what could affect the performance of Citigroup over time as well as its relative position and ranking within its peers. Continue to Trending Equities.

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Citigroup Price to Sales Ratio is projected to increase slightly based on the last few years of reporting. The past year's Price to Sales Ratio was at 1.73. The current year Return on Sales is expected to grow to 0.23, whereas Sales per Share is forecasted to decline to 34.84. Citigroup Consolidated Income is projected to increase significantly based on the last few years of reporting. The past year's Consolidated Income was at 11.09 Billion. The current year Net Income is expected to grow to about 12.3 B, whereas Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income is forecasted to decline to (34.6 B).

Citigroup Revenues

70.8 BillionShare
The market value of Citigroup is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of Citigroup that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of Citigroup's value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is Citigroup's true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because Citigroup's market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect Citigroup underlying business (such as pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between Citigroup's value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine Citigroup value by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, Citigroup's price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.

Citigroup Beta vs. Price to Book Fundamental Analysis

Comparative valuation techniques use various fundamental indicators to help in determining Citigroup's current stock value. Our valuation model uses many indicators to compare Citigroup value to that of its competitors to determine the firm's financial worth.
Citigroup is rated below average in price to book category among related companies. It is rated third in beta category among related companies totaling about  2.26  of Beta per Price to Book.

Citigroup Beta vs. Price to Book

Price to Book (P/B) ratio is used to relate a company book value to its current market price. A high P/B ratio indicates that investors expect executives to generate more returns on their investments from a given set of assets. Book value is the accounting value of assets minus liabilities.
Citigroup 
P/B 
 = 
MV Per Share 
BV Per Share 
0.85 X
Price to Book ratio is mostly used in financial services industries where assets and liabilities are typically represented by dollars. Although low Price to Book ratio generally implies that the firm is undervalued, it is often a good indicator that the company may be in financial or managerial distress and should be investigated more carefully.
Beta is one of the most important measures of equity market volatility. Beta can be thought of as asset elasticity or sensitivity to market. In other words, it is a number that shows the relationship of an equity instrument to the financial market in which this instrument is traded. For example, if Beta of equity is 2, it will be expected to significantly outperform market when the market is going up and significantly underperform when the market is going down. Similarly, Beta of 1 indicates that an asset and market will generate similar returns over time.
Citigroup 
Beta 
 = 
Covariance 
Variance 
1.92
In a nutshell, Beta is a measure of individual stock risk relative to the overall volatility of the stock market. and is calculated based on very sound finance theory - Capital Assets Pricing Model (CAPM).However, since Beta is calculated based on historical price movements it may not predict how a firm's stock is going to perform in the future.

Citigroup Beta Comparison

Citigroup is rated second in beta category among related companies.

Beta Analysis

Let's try to break down what Citigroup's beta means in this case. As the market goes up, the company is expected to outperform it. However, if the market returns are negative, Citigroup will likely underperform.

Citigroup Profitability Projections

The most important aspect of a successful company is its ability to generate a profit. For investors in Citigroup, profitability is also one of the essential criteria for including it into their portfolios because, without profit, Citigroup will eventually generate negative long term returns. The profitability progress is the general direction of Citigroup's change in net profit over the period of time. It can combine multiple indicators of Citigroup, where stable trends show no significant progress. An accelerating trend is seen as positive, while a decreasing one is unfavorable. A rising trend means that profits are rising, and operational efficiency may be rising as well. A decreasing trend is a sign of poor performance and may indicate upcoming losses.
Last ReportedProjected for 2021
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income-32.1 B-34.6 B
Consolidated Income11.1 B12.4 B
Net Income11 B12.3 B
Net Income Common Stock11 B12.3 B
Net Loss Income from Discontinued Operations20 M21.6 M
Net Income to Non Controlling Interests40 M41.1 M
Operating Income13.6 B17.7 B
Income Tax Expense2.5 B2.6 B
Net Income Per Employee52.4 K48.4 K
Citigroup Inc., a diversified financial services holding company, provides various financial products and services to consumers, corporations, governments, and institutions in North America, Latin America, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. Citigroup Inc. was founded in 1812 and is headquartered in New York, New York. Citigroup operates under BanksDiversified classification in the United States and is traded on New York Stock Exchange. It employs 211000 people.

Citigroup Profitability Driver Comparison

Profitability drivers are factors that can directly affect your investment outlook on Citigroup. Investors often realize that things won't turn out the way they predict. There are maybe way too many unforeseen events and contingencies during the holding period of Citigroup position where the market behavior may be hard to predict, tax policy changes, gold or oil price hikes, calamities change, and many others. The question is, are you prepared for these unexpected events? Although some of these situations are obviously beyond your control, you can still follow the important profit indicators to know where you should focus on when things like this occur. Below are some of the Citigroup's important profitability drivers and their relationship over time.

Use Citigroup in pair-trading

One of the main advantages of trading using pair correlations is that every trade hedges away some risk. Because there are two separate transactions required, even if Citigroup position performs unexpectedly, the other equity can make up some of the losses. Pair trading also minimizes risk from directional movements in the market. For example, if an entire industry or sector drops because of unexpected headlines, the short position in Citigroup will appreciate offsetting losses from the drop in the long position's value.

Citigroup Pair Trading

Citigroup Pair Trading Analysis

Correlation analysis and pair trading evaluation for Citigroup and Canadian Imperial Bank. Pair trading can be used as a hedging technique within a particular sector or industry or even over random equities to generate better risk-adjusted return
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Use Investing Themes to Complement your Citigroup position

In addition to having Citigroup in your portfolios, you can quickly add positions using our predefined set of ideas and optimize them against your very unique investing style. A single investing idea is a collection of funds, stocks, ETFs, or cryptocurrencies that are programmatically selected from a pull of investment themes. After you determine your investment opportunity, you can then find an optimal portfolio that will maximize potential returns on the chosen idea or minimize its exposure to market volatility.

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Military Industrial Theme
A collection of large United States defense contractors including companies involved in production or distribution of aircraft, ships, vehicles, weaponry, and electronic systems in cooperation with the government. Military Industrial theme has 45 constituents.
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Continue to Trending Equities. Note that the Citigroup information on this page should be used as a complementary analysis to other Citigroup's statistical models used to find the right mix of equity instruments to add to your existing portfolios or create a brand new portfolio. You can also try Content Syndication module to quickly integrate customizable finance content to your own investment portal.

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When running Citigroup price analysis, check to measure Citigroup's market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy Citigroup is operating at the current time. Most of Citigroup's value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of Citigroup's future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and financial market as a whole to determine factors that move Citigroup's price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of Citigroup to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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To fully project Citigroup's future profitability, investors should examine all historical financial statements. These statements provide investors with a comprehensive snapshot of the financial position of Citigroup at a specified time, usually calculated after every quarter, six months, or one year. Three primary documents fall into the category of financial statements. These documents include Citigroup's income statement, its balance sheet, and the statement of cash flows.
Potential Citigroup investors and stakeholders can use historical trends found within financial statements to determine how well the company is positioned for the future. Although Citigroup investors may work on each financial statement separately, they are all related. The changes in Citigroup's assets and liabilities, for example, are also reflected in the revenues and expenses that we see on Citigroup's income statement, which results in the company's gains or losses. Cash flows can provide more information regarding cash listed on a balance sheet but not equivalent to net income shown on the income statement. Please read more on our technical analysis and fundamental analysis pages.