Norfolk Southern Stock Market Value

NSC Stock  USD 245.74  3.99  1.60%   
Norfolk Southern's market value is the price at which a share of Norfolk Southern trades on a public exchange. It measures the collective expectations of Norfolk Southern investors about its performance. Norfolk Southern is trading at 245.74 as of the 14th of April 2024, a -1.6 percent decrease since the beginning of the trading day. The stock's open price was 249.73.
With this module, you can estimate the performance of a buy and hold strategy of Norfolk Southern and determine expected loss or profit from investing in Norfolk Southern over a given investment horizon. Check out Norfolk Southern Correlation, Norfolk Southern Volatility and Norfolk Southern Alpha and Beta module to complement your research on Norfolk Southern.
For information on how to trade Norfolk Stock refer to our How to Trade Norfolk Stock guide.
Symbol

Norfolk Southern Price To Book Ratio

Is Norfolk Southern's industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of Norfolk Southern. If investors know Norfolk will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about Norfolk Southern listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
Quarterly Earnings Growth
(0.32)
Dividend Share
5.4
Earnings Share
8.01
Revenue Per Share
53.574
Quarterly Revenue Growth
(0.05)
The market value of Norfolk Southern is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of Norfolk that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of Norfolk Southern's value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is Norfolk Southern's true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because Norfolk Southern's market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect Norfolk Southern's underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between Norfolk Southern's value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine if Norfolk Southern is a good investment by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, Norfolk Southern's price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.

Norfolk Southern 'What if' Analysis

In the world of financial modeling, what-if analysis is part of sensitivity analysis performed to test how changes in assumptions impact individual outputs in a model. When applied to Norfolk Southern's stock what-if analysis refers to the analyzing how the change in your past investing horizon will affect the profitability against the current market value of Norfolk Southern.
0.00
02/14/2024
No Change 0.00  0.0 
In 2 months and 2 days
04/14/2024
0.00
If you would invest  0.00  in Norfolk Southern on February 14, 2024 and sell it all today you would earn a total of 0.00 from holding Norfolk Southern or generate 0.0% return on investment in Norfolk Southern over 60 days. Norfolk Southern is related to or competes with Westinghouse Air, Trinity Industries, Greenbrier Companies, and LB Foster. Norfolk Southern Corporation, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the rail transportation of raw materials, inter... More

Norfolk Southern Upside/Downside Indicators

Understanding different market momentum indicators often help investors to time their next move. Potential upside and downside technical ratios enable traders to measure Norfolk Southern's stock current market value against overall market sentiment and can be a good tool during both bulling and bearish trends. Here we outline some of the essential indicators to assess Norfolk Southern upside and downside potential and time the market with a certain degree of confidence.

Norfolk Southern Market Risk Indicators

Today, many novice investors tend to focus exclusively on investment returns with little concern for Norfolk Southern's investment risk. Other traders do consider volatility but use just one or two very conventional indicators such as Norfolk Southern's standard deviation. In reality, there are many statistical measures that can use Norfolk Southern historical prices to predict the future Norfolk Southern's volatility.
Sophisticated investors, who have witnessed many market ups and downs, anticipate that the market will even out over time. This tendency of Norfolk Southern's price to converge to an average value over time is called mean reversion. However, historically, high market prices usually discourage investors that believe in mean reversion to invest, while low prices are viewed as an opportunity to buy.
Hype
Prediction
LowEstimatedHigh
243.43245.10246.77
Details
Intrinsic
Valuation
LowRealHigh
239.02240.69270.31
Details
Naive
Forecast
LowNextHigh
244.11245.79247.46
Details
27 Analysts
Consensus
LowTargetHigh
213.58234.70260.52
Details
Please note, it is not enough to conduct a financial or market analysis of a single entity such as Norfolk Southern. Your research has to be compared to or analyzed against Norfolk Southern's peers to derive any actionable benefits. When done correctly, Norfolk Southern's competitive analysis will give you plenty of quantitative and qualitative data to validate your investment decisions or develop an entirely new strategy toward taking a position in Norfolk Southern.

Norfolk Southern Backtested Returns

We consider Norfolk Southern very steady. Norfolk Southern has Sharpe Ratio of 0.08, which conveys that the firm had a 0.08% return per unit of risk over the last 3 months. We have found twenty-nine technical indicators for Norfolk Southern, which you can use to evaluate the volatility of the firm. Please verify Norfolk Southern's Downside Deviation of 1.18, risk adjusted performance of 0.058, and Mean Deviation of 1.13 to check out if the risk estimate we provide is consistent with the expected return of 0.13%. Norfolk Southern has a performance score of 6 on a scale of 0 to 100. The company secures a Beta (Market Risk) of 1.47, which conveys a somewhat significant risk relative to the market. As the market goes up, the company is expected to outperform it. However, if the market returns are negative, Norfolk Southern will likely underperform. Norfolk Southern right now secures a risk of 1.67%. Please verify Norfolk Southern expected short fall, and the relationship between the value at risk and daily balance of power , to decide if Norfolk Southern will be following its current price movements.

Auto-correlation

    
  -0.53  

Good reverse predictability

Norfolk Southern has good reverse predictability. Overlapping area represents the amount of predictability between Norfolk Southern time series from 14th of February 2024 to 15th of March 2024 and 15th of March 2024 to 14th of April 2024. The more autocorrelation exist between current time interval and its lagged values, the more accurately you can make projection about the future pattern of Norfolk Southern price movement. The serial correlation of -0.53 indicates that about 53.0% of current Norfolk Southern price fluctuation can be explain by its past prices.
Correlation Coefficient-0.53
Spearman Rank Test-0.74
Residual Average0.0
Price Variance15.97

Norfolk Southern lagged returns against current returns

Autocorrelation, which is Norfolk Southern stock's lagged correlation, explains the relationship between observations of its time series of returns over different periods of time. The observations are said to be independent if autocorrelation is zero. Autocorrelation is calculated as a function of mean and variance and can have practical application in predicting Norfolk Southern's stock expected returns. We can calculate the autocorrelation of Norfolk Southern returns to help us make a trade decision. For example, suppose you find that Norfolk Southern has exhibited high autocorrelation historically, and you observe that the stock is moving up for the past few days. In that case, you can expect the price movement to match the lagging time series.
   Current and Lagged Values   
       Timeline  

Norfolk Southern regressed lagged prices vs. current prices

Serial correlation can be approximated by using the Durbin-Watson (DW) test. The correlation can be either positive or negative. If Norfolk Southern stock is displaying a positive serial correlation, investors will expect a positive pattern to continue. However, if Norfolk Southern stock is observed to have a negative serial correlation, investors will generally project negative sentiment on having a locked-in long position in Norfolk Southern stock over time.
   Current vs Lagged Prices   
       Timeline  

Norfolk Southern Lagged Returns

When evaluating Norfolk Southern's market value, investors can use the concept of autocorrelation to see how much of an impact past prices of Norfolk Southern stock have on its future price. Norfolk Southern autocorrelation represents the degree of similarity between a given time horizon and a lagged version of the same horizon over the previous time interval. In other words, Norfolk Southern autocorrelation shows the relationship between Norfolk Southern stock current value and its past values and can show if there is a momentum factor associated with investing in Norfolk Southern.
   Regressed Prices   
       Timeline  

Norfolk Southern Investors Sentiment

The influence of Norfolk Southern's investor sentiment on the probability of its price appreciation or decline could be a good factor in your decision-making process regarding taking a position in Norfolk. The overall investor sentiment generally increases the direction of a stock movement in a one-year investment horizon. However, the impact of investor sentiment on the entire stock market does not have solid backing from leading economists and market statisticians.
Investor biases related to Norfolk Southern's public news can be used to forecast risks associated with an investment in Norfolk. The trend in average sentiment can be used to explain how an investor holding Norfolk can time the market purely based on public headlines and social activities around Norfolk Southern. Please note that most equities that are difficult to arbitrage are affected by market sentiment the most.
Norfolk Southern's market sentiment shows the aggregated news analyzed to detect positive and negative mentions from the text and comments. The data is normalized to provide daily scores for Norfolk Southern's and other traded tickers. The bigger the bubble, the more accurate is the estimated score. Higher bars for a given day show more participation in the average Norfolk Southern's news discussions. The higher the estimated score, the more favorable is the investor's outlook on Norfolk Southern.

Norfolk Southern Implied Volatility

    
  33.39  
Norfolk Southern's implied volatility exposes the market's sentiment of Norfolk Southern stock's possible movements over time. However, it does not forecast the overall direction of its price. In a nutshell, if Norfolk Southern's implied volatility is high, the market thinks the stock has potential for high price swings in either direction. On the other hand, the low implied volatility suggests that Norfolk Southern stock will not fluctuate a lot when Norfolk Southern's options are near their expiration.
Some investors attempt to determine whether the market's mood is bullish or bearish by monitoring changes in market sentiment. Unlike more traditional methods such as technical analysis, investor sentiment usually refers to the aggregate attitude towards Norfolk Southern in the overall investment community. So, suppose investors can accurately measure the market's sentiment. In that case, they can use it for their benefit. For example, some tools to gauge market sentiment could be utilized using contrarian indexes, Norfolk Southern's short interest history, or implied volatility extrapolated from Norfolk Southern options trading.

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When determining whether Norfolk Southern offers a strong return on investment in its stock, a comprehensive analysis is essential. The process typically begins with a thorough review of Norfolk Southern's financial statements, including income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements, to assess its financial health. Key financial ratios are used to gauge profitability, efficiency, and growth potential of Norfolk Southern Stock. Outlined below are crucial reports that will aid in making a well-informed decision on Norfolk Southern Stock:
Check out Norfolk Southern Correlation, Norfolk Southern Volatility and Norfolk Southern Alpha and Beta module to complement your research on Norfolk Southern.
For information on how to trade Norfolk Stock refer to our How to Trade Norfolk Stock guide.
You can also try the Global Markets Map module to get a quick overview of global market snapshot using zoomable world map. Drill down to check world indexes.

Complementary Tools for Norfolk Stock analysis

When running Norfolk Southern's price analysis, check to measure Norfolk Southern's market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy Norfolk Southern is operating at the current time. Most of Norfolk Southern's value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of Norfolk Southern's future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and the financial market as a whole to determine factors that move Norfolk Southern's price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of Norfolk Southern to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Norfolk Southern technical stock analysis exercises models and trading practices based on price and volume transformations, such as the moving averages, relative strength index, regressions, price and return correlations, business cycles, stock market cycles, or different charting patterns.
A focus of Norfolk Southern technical analysis is to determine if market prices reflect all relevant information impacting that market. A technical analyst looks at the history of Norfolk Southern trading pattern rather than external drivers such as economic, fundamental, or social events. It is believed that price action tends to repeat itself due to investors' collective, patterned behavior. Hence technical analysis focuses on identifiable price trends and conditions. More Info...