Visa Class A Stock Z Score
V Stock  USD 275.58 0.37 0.13% 
Visa  Z Score 
Visa Class A Company Z Score Analysis
Visa's ZScore is a simple linear, multifactor model that measures the financial health and economic stability of a company. The score is used to predict the probability of a firm going into bankruptcy within next 24 months or two fiscal years from the day stated on the accounting statements used to calculate it. The model uses five fundamental business ratios that are weighted according to algorithm of Professor Edward Altman who developed it in the late 1960s at New York University..
 
 
 
 

Visa Z Score Driver Correlations
Understanding the fundamental principles of building solid financial models for Visa is extremely important. It helps to project a fair market value of Visa Stock properly, considering its historical fundamentals such as Z Score. Since Visa's main accounts across its financial reports are all linked and dependent on each other, it is essential to analyze all possible correlations between related accounts. However, instead of reviewing all of Visa's historical financial statements, investors can examine the correlated drivers to determine its overall health. This can be effectively done using a conventional correlation matrix of Visa's interrelated accounts and indicators.
Click cells to compare fundamentals
To calculate a ZScore, one would need to know a company's current working capital, its total assets and liabilities, and the amount of its latest earnings as well as earnings before interest and tax. ZScores can be used to compare the odds of bankruptcy of companies in a similar line of business or firms operating in the same industry. Companies with ZScores above 3.1 are generally considered to be stable and healthy with a low probability of bankruptcy. Scores that fall between 1.8 and 3.1 lie in a socalled 'grey area,' with scores of less than 1 indicating the highest probability of distress. Z Score is a used widely measure by financial auditors, accountants, money managers, loan processors, wealth advisers, and day traders. In the last 25 years, many financial models that utilize zscores proved it to be successful as a predictor of corporate bankruptcy.
Competition 
As per the company's disclosures, Visa Class A has a Z Score of 0.0. This is 100.0% lower than that of the Financial Services sector and 100.0% lower than that of the Financials industry. The z score for all United States stocks is 100.0% higher than that of the company.
Visa ESG Sustainability
Some studies have found that companies with high sustainability scores are getting higher valuations than competitors with lower socialengagement activities. While most ESG disclosures are voluntary and do not directly affect the long term financial condition, Visa's sustainability indicators can be used to identify proper investment strategies using environmental, social, and governance scores that are crucial to Visa's managers, analysts, and investors.Environmental  Governance  Social 
Visa Institutional Holders
Institutional Holdings refers to the ownership stake in Visa that is held by large financial organizations, pension funds or endowments. Institutions may purchase large blocks of Visa's outstanding shares and can exert considerable influence upon its management. Institutional holders may also work to push the share price higher once they own the stock. Extensive social media coverage, TV shows, articles in highprofile magazines, and presentations at investor conferences help move the stock higher, increasing Visa's value.Shares  
Massachusetts Financial Services Company  20231231  20.6 M  
Royal Bank Of Canada  20231231  18.6 M  
Capital World Investors  20231231  17.9 M  
Wellington Management Company Llp  20231231  17.8 M  
Tci Fund Management Limited  20231231  16.8 M  
Northern Trust Corp  20231231  16.3 M  
Norges Bank  20231231  15 M  
Ameriprise Financial Inc  20231231  14.5 M  
Legal & General Group Plc  20231231  14 M  
Vanguard Group Inc  20231231  141.4 M  
Blackrock Inc  20231231  126.4 M 
Visa Fundamentals
Return On Equity  0.47  
Return On Asset  0.16  
Profit Margin  0.54 %  
Operating Margin  0.67 %  
Current Valuation  556.51 B  
Shares Outstanding  1.57 B  
Shares Owned By Insiders  0.62 %  
Shares Owned By Institutions  98.44 %  
Number Of Shares Shorted  28.92 M  
Price To Earning  44.19 X  
Price To Book  14.07 X  
Price To Sales  17.00 X  
Revenue  32.65 B  
Gross Profit  31.92 B  
EBITDA  21.34 B  
Net Income  17.27 B  
Cash And Equivalents  15.69 B  
Cash Per Share  9.78 X  
Total Debt  20.46 B  
Debt To Equity  0.63 %  
Current Ratio  1.45 X  
Book Value Per Share  19.45 X  
Cash Flow From Operations  20.75 B  
Short Ratio  4.30 X  
Earnings Per Share  8.94 X  
Price To Earnings To Growth  1.71 X  
Target Price  310.37  
Beta  0.95  
Market Capitalization  564.62 B  
Total Asset  90.5 B  
Retained Earnings  18.04 B  
Working Capital  10.43 B  
Current Asset  14.31 B  
Current Liabilities  8.05 B  
Annual Yield  0.01 %  
Five Year Return  0.60 %  
Net Asset  90.5 B  
Last Dividend Paid  2.01 
About Visa Fundamental Analysis
The Macroaxis Fundamental Analysis modules help investors analyze Visa Class A's financials across various querterly and yearly statements, indicators and fundamental ratios. We help investors to determine the real value of Visa using virtually all public information available. We use both quantitative as well as qualitative analysis to arrive at the intrinsic value of Visa Class A based on its fundamental data. In general, a quantitative approach, as applied to this company, focuses on analyzing financial statements comparatively, whereas a qaualitative method uses data that is important to a company's growth but cannot be measured and presented in a numerical way.
Please read more on our fundamental analysis page.
Pair Trading with Visa
One of the main advantages of trading using pair correlations is that every trade hedges away some risk. Because there are two separate transactions required, even if Visa position performs unexpectedly, the other equity can make up some of the losses. Pair trading also minimizes risk from directional movements in the market. For example, if an entire industry or sector drops because of unexpected headlines, the short position in Visa will appreciate offsetting losses from the drop in the long position's value.Moving together with Visa Stock
0.77  MA  Mastercard  PairCorr 
Moving against Visa Stock
0.61  PHYT  Pyrophyte Acquisition  PairCorr 
0.59  PWP  Perella Weinberg Partners  PairCorr 
The ability to find closely correlated positions to Visa could be a great tool in your taxloss harvesting strategies, allowing investors a quick way to find a similarenough asset to replace Visa when you sell it. If you don't do this, your portfolio allocation will be skewed against your target asset allocation. So, investors can't just sell and buy back Visa  that would be a violation of the tax code under the "wash sale" rule, and this is why you need to find a similar enough asset and use the proceeds from selling Visa Class A to buy it.
The correlation of Visa is a statistical measure of how it moves in relation to other instruments. This measure is expressed in what is known as the correlation coefficient, which ranges between 1 and +1. A perfect positive correlation (i.e., a correlation coefficient of +1) implies that as Visa moves, either up or down, the other security will move in the same direction. Alternatively, perfect negative correlation means that if Visa Class A moves in either direction, the perfectly negatively correlated security will move in the opposite direction. If the correlation is 0, the equities are not correlated; they are entirely random. A correlation greater than 0.8 is generally described as strong, whereas a correlation less than 0.5 is generally considered weak.
Correlation analysis and pair trading evaluation for Visa can also be used as hedging techniques within a particular sector or industry or even over random equities to generate a better riskadjusted return on your portfolios.Check out Visa Piotroski F Score and Visa Valuation analysis. You can also try the Companies Directory module to evaluate performance of over 100,000 Stocks, Funds, and ETFs against different fundamentals.
Complementary Tools for Visa Stock analysis
When running Visa's price analysis, check to measure Visa's market volatility, profitability, liquidity, solvency, efficiency, growth potential, financial leverage, and other vital indicators. We have many different tools that can be utilized to determine how healthy Visa is operating at the current time. Most of Visa's value examination focuses on studying past and present price action to predict the probability of Visa's future price movements. You can analyze the entity against its peers and the financial market as a whole to determine factors that move Visa's price. Additionally, you may evaluate how the addition of Visa to your portfolios can decrease your overall portfolio volatility.
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Is Visa's industry expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of Visa. If investors know Visa will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about Visa listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
Quarterly Earnings Growth 0.124  Dividend Share 2.01  Earnings Share 8.94  Revenue Per Share 16.876  Quarterly Revenue Growth 0.099 
The market value of Visa Class A is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of Visa that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of Visa's value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is Visa's true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because Visa's market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect Visa's underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between Visa's value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine if Visa is a good investment by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, Visa's price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.