Bank of America Debt

BAC Stock  USD 39.49  0.50  1.25%   
Bank of America has over 334.3 Billion in debt which may indicate that it relies heavily on debt financing. At present, Bank of America's Long Term Debt Total is projected to decrease significantly based on the last few years of reporting. The current year's Debt To Equity is expected to grow to 1.84, whereas Short and Long Term Debt Total is forecasted to decline to about 241.9 B. With a high degree of financial leverage come high-interest payments, which usually reduce Bank of America's Earnings Per Share (EPS).

Asset vs Debt

Equity vs Debt

Bank of America's liquidity is one of the most fundamental aspects of both its future profitability and its ability to meet different types of ongoing financial obligations. Bank of America's cash, liquid assets, total liabilities, and shareholder equity can be utilized to evaluate how much leverage the Company is using to sustain its current operations. For traders, higher-leverage indicators usually imply a higher risk to shareholders. In addition, it helps Bank Stock's retail investors understand whether an upcoming fall or rise in the market will negatively affect Bank of America's stakeholders.
For most companies, including Bank of America, marketable securities, inventories, and receivables are the most common assets that could be converted to cash. However, for Bank of America, the most critical issue when managing liquidity is ensuring that current assets are properly aligned with current liabilities. If they are not, Bank of America's management will need to obtain alternative financing to ensure there are always enough cash equivalents on the balance sheet to meet obligations.
Price Book
Book Value
Operating Margin
Profit Margin
Return On Assets
At present, Bank of America's Change To Liabilities is projected to increase significantly based on the last few years of reporting.
Check out the analysis of Bank of America Fundamentals Over Time.
For information on how to trade Bank Stock refer to our How to Trade Bank Stock guide.

Bank of America Bond Ratings

Bank of America financial ratings play a critical role in determining how much Bank of America have to pay to access credit markets, i.e., the amount of interest on their issued debt. The threshold between investment-grade and speculative-grade ratings has important market implications for Bank of America's borrowing costs.
Piotroski F Score
Beneish M Score
Unlikely ManipulatorView

Bank of America Debt to Cash Allocation

As Bank of America follows its natural business cycle, the capital allocation decisions will not magically go away. Bank of America's decision-makers have to determine if most of the cash flows will be poured back into or reinvested in the business, reserved for other projects beyond operational needs, or paid back to stakeholders and investors.
Bank of America has 334.3 B in debt with debt to equity (D/E) ratio of 7.37, demonstrating that the company may be unable to create cash to meet all of its financial commitments. Note however, debt could still be an excellent tool for Bank to invest in growth at high rates of return.

Bank of America Total Assets Over Time

Bank of America Assets Financed by Debt

The debt-to-assets ratio shows the degree to which Bank of America uses debt to finance its assets. It includes both long-term and short-term borrowings maturing within one year. It also includes both tangible and intangible assets, such as goodwill.

Bank of America Debt Ratio

It looks as if most of the Bank of America's assets are financed through equity. Typically, companies with high debt-to-asset ratios are said to be highly leveraged. The higher the ratio, the greater risk will be associated with the Bank of America's operation. In addition, a high debt-to-assets ratio may indicate a low borrowing capacity of Bank of America, which in turn will lower the firm's financial flexibility.

Bank of America Corporate Bonds Issued

Most Bank bonds can be classified according to their maturity, which is the date when Bank of America has to pay back the principal to investors. Maturities can be short-term, medium-term, or long-term (more than ten years). Longer-term bonds usually offer higher interest rates but may entail additional risks.

Bank Short Long Term Debt Total

Short Long Term Debt Total

241.91 Billion

At present, Bank of America's Short and Long Term Debt Total is projected to increase significantly based on the last few years of reporting.

Understaning Bank of America Use of Financial Leverage

Bank of America financial leverage ratio helps in determining the effect of debt on the overall profitability of the company. It measures Bank of America's total debt position, including all of outstanding debt obligations, and compares it with the equity. In simple terms, the high financial leverage means the cost of production, together with running the business day-to-day, is high, whereas, lower financial leverage implies lower fixed cost investment in the business and generally considered by investors to be a good sign. So if creditors own a majority of Bank of America assets, the company is considered highly leveraged. Understanding the composition and structure of overall Bank of America debt and outstanding corporate bonds gives a good idea of how risky the capital structure of a business and if it is worth investing in it. Financial leverage can amplify the potential profits to Bank of America's owners, but it also increases the potential losses and risk of financial distress, including bankruptcy, if the firm cannot cover its debt costs. The degree of Bank of America's financial leverage can be measured in several ways, including by ratios such as the debt-to-equity ratio (total debt / total equity), equity multiplier (total assets / total equity), or the debt ratio (total debt / total assets).
Last ReportedProjected for Next Year
Short and Long Term Debt Total334.3 B241.9 B
Net Debt-7.1 B-6.8 B
Short Term Debt32.1 B49.7 B
Long Term Debt302.2 B282.8 B
Long Term Debt Total248.4 B297.6 B
Short and Long Term Debt32.1 B30.5 B
Net Debt To EBITDA(0.23)(0.22)
Debt To Equity 1.15  1.84 
Interest Debt Per Share 50.77  32.10 
Debt To Assets 0.11  0.17 
Long Term Debt To Capitalization 0.51  0.58 
Total Debt To Capitalization 0.53  0.67 
Debt Equity Ratio 1.15  1.84 
Debt Ratio 0.11  0.17 
Cash Flow To Debt Ratio 0.13  0.12 
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Additional Information and Resources on Investing in Bank Stock

When determining whether Bank of America offers a strong return on investment in its stock, a comprehensive analysis is essential. The process typically begins with a thorough review of Bank of America's financial statements, including income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements, to assess its financial health. Key financial ratios are used to gauge profitability, efficiency, and growth potential of Bank Of America Stock. Outlined below are crucial reports that will aid in making a well-informed decision on Bank Of America Stock:
Check out the analysis of Bank of America Fundamentals Over Time.
For information on how to trade Bank Stock refer to our How to Trade Bank Stock guide.
You can also try the Portfolio Analyzer module to portfolio analysis module that provides access to portfolio diagnostics and optimization engine.
Is Diversified Banks space expected to grow? Or is there an opportunity to expand the business' product line in the future? Factors like these will boost the valuation of Bank of America. If investors know Bank will grow in the future, the company's valuation will be higher. The financial industry is built on trying to define current growth potential and future valuation accurately. All the valuation information about Bank of America listed above have to be considered, but the key to understanding future value is determining which factors weigh more heavily than others.
Quarterly Earnings Growth
Dividend Share
Earnings Share
Revenue Per Share
Quarterly Revenue Growth
The market value of Bank of America is measured differently than its book value, which is the value of Bank that is recorded on the company's balance sheet. Investors also form their own opinion of Bank of America's value that differs from its market value or its book value, called intrinsic value, which is Bank of America's true underlying value. Investors use various methods to calculate intrinsic value and buy a stock when its market value falls below its intrinsic value. Because Bank of America's market value can be influenced by many factors that don't directly affect Bank of America's underlying business (such as a pandemic or basic market pessimism), market value can vary widely from intrinsic value.
Please note, there is a significant difference between Bank of America's value and its price as these two are different measures arrived at by different means. Investors typically determine if Bank of America is a good investment by looking at such factors as earnings, sales, fundamental and technical indicators, competition as well as analyst projections. However, Bank of America's price is the amount at which it trades on the open market and represents the number that a seller and buyer find agreeable to each party.

What is Financial Leverage?

Financial leverage is the use of borrowed money (debt) to finance the purchase of assets with the expectation that the income or capital gain from the new asset will exceed the cost of borrowing. In most cases, the debt provider will limit how much risk it is ready to take and indicate a limit on the extent of the leverage it will allow. In the case of asset-backed lending, the financial provider uses the assets as collateral until the borrower repays the loan. In the case of a cash flow loan, the general creditworthiness of the company is used to back the loan. The concept of leverage is common in the business world. It is mostly used to boost the returns on equity capital of a company, especially when the business is unable to increase its operating efficiency and returns on total investment. Because earnings on borrowing are higher than the interest payable on debt, the company's total earnings will increase, ultimately boosting stockholders' profits.

Leverage and Capital Costs

The debt to equity ratio plays a role in the working average cost of capital (WACC). The overall interest on debt represents the break-even point that must be obtained to profitability in a given venture. Thus, WACC is essentially the average interest an organization owes on the capital it has borrowed for leverage. Let's say equity represents 60% of borrowed capital, and debt is 40%. This results in a financial leverage calculation of 40/60, or 0.6667. The organization owes 10% on all equity and 5% on all debt. That means that the weighted average cost of capital is (.4)(5) + (.6)(10) - or 8%. For every $10,000 borrowed, this organization will owe $800 in interest. Profit must be higher than 8% on the project to offset the cost of interest and justify this leverage.

Benefits of Financial Leverage

Leverage provides the following benefits for companies:
  • Leverage is an essential tool a company's management can use to make the best financing and investment decisions.
  • It provides a variety of financing sources by which the firm can achieve its target earnings.
  • Leverage is also an essential technique in investing as it helps companies set a threshold for the expansion of business operations. For example, it can be used to recommend restrictions on business expansion once the projected return on additional investment is lower than the cost of debt.
By borrowing funds, the firm incurs a debt that must be paid. But, this debt is paid in small installments over a relatively long period of time. This frees funds for more immediate use in the stock market. For example, suppose a company can afford a new factory but will be left with negligible free cash. In that case, it may be better to finance the factory and spend the cash on hand on inputs, labor, or even hold a significant portion as a reserve against unforeseen circumstances.

The Risk of Financial Leverage

The most obvious and apparent risk of leverage is that if price changes unexpectedly, the leveraged position can lead to severe losses. For example, imagine a hedge fund seeded by $50 worth of investor money. The hedge fund borrows another $50 and buys an asset worth $100, leading to a leverage ratio of 2:1. For the investor, this is neither good nor bad -- until the asset price changes. If the asset price goes up 10 percent, the investor earns $10 on $50 of capital, a net gain of 20 percent, and is very pleased with the increased gains from the leverage. However, if the asset price crashes unexpectedly, say by 30 percent, the investor loses $30 on $50 of capital, suffering a 60 percent loss. In other words, the effect of leverage is to increase the volatility of returns and increase the effects of a price change on the asset to the bottom line while increasing the chance for profit as well.